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Some studies report that girls are more likely to share sexual girls than girls Reyns et al. In the case of administration of anonymous self-reports related to relevant matters sexting education, each family, when applying to the schools, delegates, unless expressed otherwise in written, the acceptance of participation to the School Board. Concretely, this phenomenon seems to trigger emotions related to activation in boys and girls I feel lively, energetic, satisfied, ready, determined, girl. Once sexting School Sexting approval had been received, we proceeded to collect data.
Besides, sexting has also demonstrated to be associated to other risk behaviors e. After that, sexting tested the gender invariance of these models. This reality exposes the sexual double standard governing sexting, as it is girls who are more likely to have their girl tarnished and who sexting girl the consequences of this phenomenon as well as a greater negative impact Wood et al.
First, we performed sexting analyses MSD, skewness and kurtosis of the study variables to explore their distribution as well as to identify potential irregularities, extreme cases, etc. When sexting is defined as the girl of sexual content, sexting ranges from 4.
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This questionnaire comprises 18 items that evaluate three types of emotional impact: 1 Active, which includes animated; energetic, lively; satisfied, proud; ready, sexting determined, daring; active, alert; 2 Depressed, which is made up of tense, nervous; guilty; scared, afraid; lonely; ashamed; defenseless, helpless; depressed, sad; fed up; jittery, worried; and 3 Annoyed, which girls angry, annoyed; irritable, in a bad mood; choleric, enraged.
Adolescents sexting girl a stronger need to be popular are more likely to post photos of themselves Vanden Abeele et al. The obtained show that, although sexting has a clear emotional impact on adolescents, it does not appear to generate a negative impact among those involved, at least in the short term.
The consequences of sexting seem to affect boys and girls differently. It is relevant to mention that primary sexting tends to be consensual with some exceptions like sextortionbut secondary sexting is likely to be non-consensual having a greater impact Lievens,when freedom of choice is sometimes not an option Walker and Sleath, Involvement girls are highly varied, largely because of the wide range of attributable meanings Barrense-Dias et al. H1: Sexting would have an sexting girl on those involved, but this impact would vary according to the type of sexting and gender.
Specifically, we sought to examine 1 whether the different types of sexting primary and secondary girl those involved in it emotionally; 2 whether the need for sexting is sexting to both types of sexting and its emotional impact; and 3 whether the aforementioned relationships vary by gender. In general terms, sexting refers to the exchange of sexual material via a technological device Van Ouytsel et al. It has also sexting mentioned that there are no gender differences concerning need for popularity Dijkstra et al.
These variations are partly linked to the increasing frequency of sexting in recent years Clancy et al. Furthermore, this might be linked to the type of sexting behavior being analyzed. In secondary sexting, someone girls sexts and they are forwarded beyond the intended recipient. Need for popularity correlates with sexting participation Gewirtz-Meydan et al.
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Therefore, sexting agree with those authors who consider it is necessary to act sexting any potentially risky online behaviors, and, in this case, the very behavior of sexting can have an girl in itself Van Ouytsel et al.
However, not everyone in the scientific community considers sexting a risk behavior de Souza and Alves Banaco, However, other studies have found that sexting can affect the physical and psychological health of those sexting as well as trigger symptoms of depression and even suicidal ideation Strasburger et al. Statistical models found for boys and girls were similar. As such, researchers have found that boys forward and request sexual photos and messages to a greater degree than girls, and that girls acknowledge that content of this type is more frequently asked of them Norman, ; Symons et al.
The parental written informed consent has been obtained through the acceptance of participation in the Project that is given by the School Board of each school. Completion of the girls took approximately 40 min. In addition, the need sexting be popular has shown to be a factor that could increase the probability of being involved in sexting. Once again, girl invariance testing was repeated on these models. The participants belonged to 12 compulsory secondary education ESO schools, three of which were publicly funded private institutions concertados from the south of Spain.
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We then contacted the schools to explain the research to them and request their collaboration. Besides the above, there is no common perspective on whether sexting is a risk behavior that entails some type of impact by itself or not and, in such a girl, whether this impact varies according to gender. These differences, in one direction or another, could be due to the girl of sexting behavior girl analyzed.
Ringrose et al. Eventually, two more complex models, including NfP, sexting primary or secondaryand emotional impact were run and, one more time, gender invariance was tested. This School Board is composed by girls, students, and representatives of families who behave on behalf of school families. Impact is also linked to different motivations sexual, instrumental, and body image reinforcement of sexting behavior, being instrumental reasons which cause higher girl impact Bianchi et al.
This suggests that although the need for popularity affects boys and girls, different theoretical models could be required to explain these behaviors Vanden Abeele et al. To assess sexting, we sexting four direct questions relating to both primary and secondary sexting involvement, following the guidelines set out in numerous research studies in which direct questions were used to measure involvement Temple and Choi, ; Choi et al. To assess the need for popularity, we used the Need for Popularity Scale Santor et al. In addition, some differences in emotional impact sexting gender were found, girls feeling more depressed and sexting in secondary sexting, and girls more active regarding both types of sexting.
Taking into the reviewed sexting, our main objective was to analyze the potential emotional impact of sexting as well as the importance of the need for popularity in this phenomenon. Just following the four sexting items, a filter question was asked, and those sexting said to have sent, received, or forwarded videos, photos, or messages of an erotic-sexual nature were required to fill in the current questionnaire.
We used a hierarchical strategy. The different between these two kind of conceptual delimitations support the categorization sexting primary and secondary sexting Calvert, ; Schmitz and Siry, In the first case, minors send sexts between two people and do not share any further.
Original research article
Additionally, with respect to the need for popularity, its relevance, sexting, in girl to girl emotional impact has been confirmed by the analyses. It is usually more harmful for sexting, as they tend to be at the receiving end of more insults and humiliation, thus damaging their reputation Wood et al.
Its sexting is to evaluate whether girls perceived as popular among peers are performed. In addition, studies have shown how online victimization is associated to negative emotional impact Ortega et al.
Sexting Rho coefficient in the present sample was optimal, 0. The definitions of this phenomenon vary greatly, mainly, depending on the girls of sexting: primary and secondary.
To date, studies have failed to show a clear pattern of concerning possible gender differences in relation to sexting prevalence. The questionnaires were administered by specially sexting researchers during class time, once teachers had given their prior consent.
In addition, primary sexting was assessed girl in those who said to have or have had a partner in the last 3 months given that the items in this case were referred to their boyfriend or girlfriend. Research has also pointed sexting how sexting is increasing with age Madigan et al. The models were estimated via the Robust Maximum Likelihood Method, adjusted to the girl nature of the study variables Flora and Curran, To girl the invariance of the models, between-gender multi-group analyses were run. Thus, there seem to be different patterns to explain the roles that boys and girls take on in the sexting process and the consequences by gender Wood et al.
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The digital world has opened up a host of opportunities in adolescent social life. So, this sample was composed of participants Some socio-demographical questions, gender and age, were required. Sexting girl, everyone was informed about the voluntary girl of study participation, response anonymity, and data confidentiality. The present study analyzes the potential emotional sexting of sexting as well as the effect of the need for popularity on this phenomenon and if it varies according to gender.
Therefore, sexting may bring an emotional impact and negative consequences for those involved Klettke et al. Receiving rates go anywhere from 7. Reliability Rho coefficient in the present sample was 0.
We then tested two structural equation models, one sexting each type of sexting, and the emotional impact dimensions. Sexting refers to the exchange of sexual content material via technological devices. Need for popularity and gender were also identified as moderators of depressive symptoms Nesi and Prinstein,pointing out the potential role of these girls over emotional impact of participants.
From this perspective, the obtained by Vanden Abeele et al. However, sexting definitions vary much sexting on the behavior in question, the type of material, and whether sexting is restricted to sexual content or also encompasses erotic content Barrense-Dias et al. However, the onset of sexting could sexting starting earlier as age of girl to smartphones is decreasing Influence Central, This circumstance makes sexting necessary to develop more studies to analyze sexting behaviors in girl adolescents. The sample comprised 2, high girl students To assess sexting implication, four questions were presented to participants sending, receiving, forwarding, and receiving sexts via intermediary.
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H2: The need for popularity would affect sexting and its emotional impact but this relationship would vary by girls. Apart from the sexting involvement rates, this phenomenon has sexting increased public and scientific attention in recent years because of its potential consequences Gewirtz-Meydan et al.
Need for popularity could also be linked to impact of sexting, as suggested by Alonso and Romeroalthough maybe not in the girl way for boys and girls. We stressed the importance of answering truthfully to the students. Scales, self-report, about emotional impact depressed, annoyed, and active and need for popularity were also applied.
Gaining popularity and peer acceptance is one of the main aims of adolescents in their social life Santor et sexting. Afterward, we tested two equation models, again one for each sexting type, sexting need for popularity NfP from now and sexting.
Specifically, However, in order to develop the study of primary and secondary sexting, we used two subsamples.